construction is the action of placing together various components, utilizing a detailed design and plan, to create a structure for a certain location. Construction differs from manufacturing typically that involves mass production of related items without a designated customer, while construction is mainly done on the place for a known client. Construction starts with planning, design, and financing and proceeds until the project is constructed and ready for use.
As usual, there are three sectors of construction: buildings, infrastructure, and industrial. Building construction is normally classified into residential and non-residential (commercial/institutional). Infrastructure is often called heavy/highway, complex civil, or huge construction. In the modern industrialized world, construction usually includes the interpretation of designs into reality. A formal design company may be assembled to plan the physical proceedings and to integrate those proceedings with the other parts. The design normally consists of drawings and specifications, usually prepared by a design team including Architect, civil engineers, mechanical engineers, electrical engineers, structural engineers, fire protection engineers, planning consultants, architectural consultants, and archaeological consultants. The design company is most commonly employed by (i.e. in contract with) the property owner. Under this arrangement, The design is made by the design team, several construction companies, or construction management companies may then remain asked to make a bid for the work either based directly on the design or based on drawings and an invoice of appointments provided by a quantity engineer,Following the evaluation of proposals, the owner typically awards a contract to the most cost-efficient bidder. The latest trend in design is approaching the integration of previously separated specialties, especially among large firms. In the past, architects, interior designers, builders, developers, construction supervisors, and general contractors were more likely to be entirely separate companies, even in the larger firms. Soon,
a firm that is slightly an “architecture” or “construction management” firm
may become experts from all similar fields as employees, or to have an associated company that provides this, each such firm may offer itself as “one-stop shopping” for a construction project, from beginning to end. This is designated as a “design-build” agreement where the contractor is given a performance specification and must begin the project from design to construction while adhering to the performance stipulations